How to make a simple Domestic Composter

Food Composter, Indoor Food Compost Bin for Kitchen

After you read about how to be more sustainable would like to start doing your own home composting?
In this post there are informations about how to do it.

Having a home composting machine is a great way to reduce the amount of waste. That would go to landfills and also a way to change people’s relationship with the waste they generate.

Considering that we produce 600 grams of organic waste per day. It is necessary to dispose of our waste in a more sustainable way. So that they do not end up in landfills, contaminating soil and groundwater, even producing methane gas.

Learning how to make a composter avoids this type of emission and still produces a very rich resource: humus! In addition, it is also good for health. According to a study, contact with a bacterium present in the humus works as an antidepressant. So, decreases allergies, pain and nausea.

Vermicomposting is a type of compost that makes use of worms, more specifically, earthworms. It can be carried out in houses and apartments using domestic compost.

With this technique, there is the formation of vermicompost. This is the product obtained through the action of earthworms on organic residues. Vermicompost is also known as worm humus and is a great organic fertilizer, very rich in bacterial flora. Basically, it is “recycled” organic matter.

Get an indoor food compost made of biodegrable and durable bamboo fiber here.

Vermicomposting, earthworm or composting with earthworms can be done by following the following steps:

  1. Build the home of earthworms;
  2. Make the bed of earthworms;
  3. Add the worms;
  4. Feed your new pets;
  5. Perform periodic maintenance;
  6. Collect and use the humus

The vermicompost returns to the earth five times more nitrogen, twice as much calcium , two and a half times more magnesium, seven times more phosphorus and 11 times more potassium.

1. Build the home of earthworms

Take off a container to be home to earthworms. It will serve to stop leftover food, regulate system moisture and block light (which is harmful earthworms). There are several models of containers that are sold on the market, but you can also improvise one.

The container can be a wooden box that facilitates the circulation of oxygen and absorbs moisture. Remember to use wood that has not been chemically treated. With this, your container will have a longer life span, but chemicals can harm your earthworms. In addition to infiltrating your compost. If using these boxes there must be a plastic cover.

Stackable plastic boxes or buckets can also be used, and they must be opaque to block the light. It is necessary that the boxes are perfectly stackable, fitting easily into each other. The ideal is to stack three or more boxes, because while one is fed with waste the other will carry out the decomposition process. The last one will be to collect the biofertilizer (collection box).

To make the composter it is necessary to make 50 to 100 holes from four to six millimeters in diameter. Using a drill, drill several small holes in the bottom of your boxes. And in the cover, it is necessary to make a row with holes from 1 millimeter (mm) to 1.5 mm, respecting the space of two centimeters (cm) between them. (Be careful that the holes are not made on the cover fitting!). It is important to respect these measures because they are large enough to escape the vapors and small enough that the worms do not escape.

So you create a passage so that the worms can migrate and the liquid generated (biofertilizer) can be drained to the last collection box.

This biofertilizer collection box can contain a tap to drain the liquid or it can be removed manually. The nutrient-rich biofertilizer can be diluted at a ratio of 1/5 to 1/10, and can be sprayed on the leaves of your home garden or on your house plants.

2. Make the bed of earthworms

Add the worms and let them rest for about a week or two before starting to place the food scraps – this is for the worms to get used to the medium. These beings are capable of performing great tasks in this micro ecosystem, such as capturing and exchanging nitrogen with the air, immobilizing phosphorus, transforming complex substances into simple ones that are released into the air. It can be of great use to other living beings also present in the composting, improving soil structure, etc.

As the life of earthworms is to drill the soil to get around, on the way they unpack and make it more airy. In addition, they feed on organic waste and thus defecate the humus, which is very rich in nutrients. They do not like excessive sun and heat, so keep your composting in the shade and in an airy place. It is also important to keep the soil moist, not soaked.

The larger the container, the more earthworms it can support. It is estimated for each square meter (m²) of the container area an amount of 450 grams of earthworms or about 200 earthworms. The maximum depth should be 60 cm, with the ideal being approximately 30 cm as the worms prefer to live just below the surface of the soil. For a family of two, a 0.35 m² and 30 cm deep container is ideal.

3. Feed your new pets

Earthworms need a diet rich in leftover food to stay healthy and produce compost. Store your waste in a closed pot until it’s time to add it to the composting system. It can prevent flies from laying their eggs in these foods.

The ideal size of the particles is one to five centimeters, since the very large particles take longer to decompose. At the beginning, feed them only once a week with small portions accumulated in a corner. When they start to reproduce, give a proportion of 25% organic material per square meter weekly. Always after adding the organic material, cover the food with sawdust or dry leaves.

Earthworms eat vegetable and fruit scraps, various types of beans, tea leaves, coffee grounds and egg shells. Mix the organic material when feeding the worms, which will keep flies away. If you can, grind the organic material before introducing it into the compost bin, this will make the worms eat you faster when digesting smaller foods.

4. Perform periodic maintenance of the composter

The process does not end when inserting the waste. Your compost needs care to result in healthy earthworms and a good system functioning. Aeration is a very important factor in the vermicomposter, the organic material must be stirred periodically. The first aeration must take place in the thermophilic phase, that is, when the organic material is hot. After approximately 15 days of composting, turn the organic material over and then repeat the procedure about once a week.

Without the presence of oxygen, there is a delay in the decomposition of waste. The production of bad odors such as hydrogen sulphide and sulfur compounds that attract flies. If this happens, revolve the box more often with the organic material. Stop adding waste until the system returns to normal.

It takes about a month for the top box to be full. When this happens, replace it with the intermediate box, placing two fingers of soil mixed with sawdust. An then, making the bed earthworms.

In this second box, they should feel more secure, since there are no changes in temperature or humidity. It is a stable environment for the worms to escape if there is a problem in the top box. You have to leave this box resting until the middle box. It has now taken the place of the upper one, is completely filled. One month for the top box to fill and another month for the middle box to rest and produce humus.

The collection box (close to the floor) has to be emptied, or have its liquid collected through the tap, weekly. If this leachate is not drained occasionally, the fluids accumulate, making the system anaerobic (without the presence of oxygen). Then, it is producing odors and toxins that can eventually exterminate the poor earthworms.

Moisture is also a factor that must be observed constantly, the material must not be soaked or dry, the humidity must be between 55% and 60% and can be controlled with sawdust.

5. Collect and use the humus

The time required for the degradation of organic matter in the composting depends on several factors. You have to give special attention to obtain the best composting results. Usually with the optimum factors of the compost medium, composting takes between two to three months.

When ready, the compound has a dark color, from gray to black. Test the moisture of this compound in your hands. Take a sample and mold it with your fingers and rub it against your palm. If your hand is clean and the material breaks into pieces, the compound is raw; The part remains in hand, leaving a stain like coffee, the compost will be semi-cured; if your hand gets really dirty, will be cured the compost.

Some worms can die, but that’s okay, they must have multiplied a lot by now.

Open the box in daylight and wait a few minutes for the worms to descend into another box. They don’t like brightness. Remove the superficial humus and wait a few more minutes to remove another layer.

Use this nutrient-rich organic fertilizer in your plants or home garden and see the difference in plant growth!

5 Tips to be More Sustainable

Sustainability is directly linked to activities and actions that aim to meet the needs of human beings, through material and economic development, without causing damage to the environment. In this way, natural resources are used with awareness, ensuring that future generations have them without current ones having to give them up.

How can the attitude of a single person help to preserve natural resources

It’s simple: once you do your part, you stop harming the environment. Thus, saving water, using renewable energy, such as solar energy, separating waste for recycling and consuming products that have recyclable packaging are sustainable attitudes that you can practice. In addition, these practices also bring benefits to you, such as savings in the electricity bill and extra gains from product recycling.

1. TAKE CARE OF YOUR TRASH

Why is it important?

So that we can see everything we produced and also where all this garbage came from. Soon you will know what has to decrease consumption and what can be recyclable.

Recyclable garbage is clean and dry, so it won’t smell bad in your home. If you get excited, you can sort by types. Seeing it all together for a whole month will help you get a sense of the problem – and how big it can be! Separate the garbage man, a bag, a box, a space in your house to store this waste and invite those who live with you to do the same thing.

2. STOP USING DISPOSABLE CUP AND CUTLERY

No excuses, ok?

For you to be able to accomplish this task, my suggestion is to have a substitute for the glass and cutlery always with you. Make sure you have a cup, a retractable cup, a glass jar, a regular coffee mug from your house, a bottle of water, reusable cutlery. The easier the better, so if you can go to your kitchen NOW and find one of these, the better. If you have a steady job, that you spend most of your day with, just take your utensils and leave them on your desk. If you spend the day on the street, I suggest having a sustainable kit in your bag, which we will talk about next.

Get your kit for travel or your everyday cup and cutlery.

3. BRUSH YOUR TEETH WITH BAMBOO BRUSH

A change to make in the items that we need to buy frequently is in toothbrushes.

The bamboo versions have only plastic bristles while their handle is biodegradable and can be buried, placed in the compost bin, reused in vegetable gardens or vases.

Ordinary brushes are made of plastic and, in most cases, end up not being recycled.

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4. START COMPOSTING

You can make a composter out of buckets or buy one assembled and ready to use. The important thing is to start transforming your organic waste into earthworm food – and fertilizer! If you live at home it is even easier, in an apartment you really need a composter.

Do you want to know how to make your own composter? See this post!

5. ZERO GARBAGE KIT

There are studies that say that a habit takes 60 days to become habit. If we base ourselves on this research, then there are 35 days to make it a habit to always have it in your bag, remember to use and use your zero waste kit whenever you eat out.

Remember the mug and the cloth napkin I told you to always guarantee? They are the basics of the kit, but you may want to include a set of cutlery, chopsticks, straw and even a packet.

Go Greener With These 5 Earth-Friendly Products

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10 Creative Ways To Help Keep Food Fresh

On the off chance that you experience difficulty utilizing transient food before it ruins, you’re surely not the only one. Around 133 billion pounds of food squander is produced in the U.S. every year, and an incredible 39 percent of Americans say they feel remorseful about squandering food.

As indicated by the Natural Resources Defense Council, around 66% of family food squander is because of decay. Along these lines, to help you cut back on squandered food (and swelled staple bills), Naturily aggregated this rundown of innovative kitchen apparatuses to help you keep food fresher, longer.

Furthermore, in case you’re on a strict financial plan or would prefer not to purchase new, we’ve likewise given helpful DIY options in contrast to every one of these fun, food-saving contraptions.

1. Vegetable Keep Sacks

Vegetable Keep Sacks

Did you realize that putting away a few vegetables —  like potatoes, onions, and garlic — in the fridge can really make them ruin quicker? Most root vegetables keep longest in a dry spot that is cool yet not as cold as the normal cooler.

Since the vast majority of us don’t have a root basement, the most ideal approach to give root veggies a more drawn out time span of usability is to keep them cool and away from light — to help forestall growing.

Evriholder’s keep sacks for potato, onion, and garlic make it simple to keep your veggies in obscurity. Basically add veggies at the top, and eliminate them from the base when they’re prepared to utilize.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: If you’d prefer not to purchase another thing to protect your veggies, essentially store onions and potatoes in paper or texture sacks in a cabinet or wash room. Avoid the plastic sacks; paper and texture are more breathable, which forestalls decay.

Tip: Don’t store potatoes and onions together. As potatoes mature, they emit dampness and gases that cause onions to ruin all the more quickly.

2. Cheese Vault

Cheese Vault

Cheddar is one of those food sources that is regularly hard to keep new. In the event that your cheddar, Gouda, and Parmesan cheeses aren’t creating mold, they’re frequently getting soft or drying out, which is similarly unappetizing. Specialists will direct you away from saran wrap, which can choke out your cheddar and move an unsavory plastic flavor.

The Cheese Vault by CapaBunga permits cheddar to inhale and forestalls dampness development, keeping your cheddar new and scrumptious longer.

Made of reusable, sans bpa silicone, the Cheese Vault makes it simple to monitor how long you’ve had your cheddar. Compose the cheddar name and date on the mark end with a ballpoint pen. It effectively clears off to name your next cheddar.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: To help save cheddar without a purchasing another contraption, wrap cheddar safely in wax paper prior to putting away it in the cooler. This strategy permits the cheddar to inhale without allowing in abundance dampness or scents from your refrigerator.

3. Pop Containers

Pop Containers

Putting away half-void sacks of oat, pretzels, and other dry food varieties in your storeroom frequently leaves them lifeless, boring, and — how about we simply say it — pretty gross.

Try not to throw lifeless bites, pasta, and other wash room picks by moving dry food sources into impenetrable compartments after you’ve opened the first bundling.

These ‘Pop’ Containers from OXO are accessible in 11 distinctive stackable shapes and sizes for simple storeroom association. The imaginative pop-button system makes an impermeable seal and serves as a handle.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: To abstain from purchasing new, get a couple of Mason jars from your neighborhood second hand store for water/air proof wash room stockpiling. Or on the other hand, salvage a couple of huge glass containers, for example, those used to bundle pickles and pasta sauce, from your reusing canister for reuse as capacity arrangements.

4. Bread Preserver Box

Bread Preserver Box

There’s nothing very like newly heated bread. In any case, how would you keep your bread, bagels, rolls, and other heated products new more?

Contingent upon where you call home, the air in your kitchen can dry out your bread, making it become lifeless. In more muggy environments, heated products may turn out to be excessively clammy and start creating mold sooner than expected.

Anyway, what’s a greenie to do? As opposed to mainstream thinking, putting away bread in the fridge really makes it ruin all the more rapidly. The inside of your cooler coaxes dampness out of prepared products, making them go lifeless. Your smartest choice is to store bread on the kitchen counter utilizing a holder that manages wind current.

This Expandable Bread Keeper from Progressive extends up to 11 crawls to oblige most portion sizes. It includes a customizable vent that manages wind stream and keeps prepared products new.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: Wrap your prepared merchandise in a fabric bag, tea towel, or old pillowcase and store it on the counter in an airtight container, similar to a repurposed popcorn tin. In case you’re not going to eat your bread inside a couple of days, wrap it and freeze it before it begins to decrease in quality.

5. Fresh Herb Preserver

Fresh Herb Preserver

Very much like new cut blossoms, new spices put away with a wellspring of water will hold their flavor and surface for more than if put away free in the cooler or on a ledge.

The NOVART Glass Fresh Herb Keeper permits spices to stand upstanding and serenely dispersed with their stems inundated in water for hydration. For comfort, the Herb Keeper likewise fits cozily inside your fridge entryway.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: Soft spices like parsley, basil, and cilantro stay new longest when put away on the counter in a glass with about an inch of water. Trim the stems before you put your spices in the glass. For a more drawn out time span of usability, wrap non-verdant spices like rosemary, sage, and thyme in a soaked towel and store in a reusable shopping pack in the cooler.

6. Garlic Keeper

Garlic Keeper

Similar as vampires, garlic favors the murkiness. Both light and dampness can make shape develop. Also, refrigerating garlic can make it fledgling and taste severe. For best outcomes, store garlic in a dry, dim spot with a lot of air course.

To remove the mystery from putting away your garlic, look at this clever Garlic Keeper, which saves your scrumptious bulbs in obscurity for greatest newness. Particular openings take into consideration the legitimate ventilation garlic needs to remain crisp, dispensing with undesirable oxidation and dampness.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: To imitate the impact of this cool Garlic Keeper without purchasing a fresh out of the box new thing, store your garlic in a dull area with great air dissemination, for example, inside your storeroom.

Tip: Don’t store garlic in a fixed holder. New bulbs can be put away in a wire or cross section bushel or even a paper pack. Simply ensure your bulbs are away from daylight and getting a lot of air for a new nibble for quite a long time to come.

7. Onion Saver

Onion Saver

Sorting out some way to store cut onions appropriately is a typical kitchen problem. Without a doubt, you need to save that unused onion from the previous evening’s supper. However, onions die rapidly after they’ve been cut, and it can frequently be interesting to make sure to utilize them before they ruin.

Whenever you’ve cut an onion, you ought to consistently move it from wash room stockpiling to the fridge to keep it new. An excess of air can make uncovered onion oxidize, prompting staining and a not-so-delectable flavor, so you’ll likewise need to decide on a water/air proof compartment for capacity.

The Cut and Keep Onion Saver by OXO has a top of stretchy silicone to change in accordance with the size of your cut onion. It snaps shut to seal, so you can place the onion in your refrigerator without creating a stinky circumstance. This adorable Onion Saver is extraordinary for saving ice chest space, and it additionally makes that cut onion stand apart from the remainder of the stuff in your ice chest, reminding you to utilize it all the more rapidly.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: If you’d prefer not to purchase new, any water/air proof stockpiling holder will achieve a similar work.

8. Avocado Holder

Avocado Holder

After you’ve sliced an avocado down the middle, how would you save the other half from becoming earthy colored without utilizing plastic wrap?

The without bpa plastic of the Evriholder Avo Saver covers the cut edge of an avocado half, pit what not. A solid elastic lash holds the Avo Saver safely to the avocado, decreasing air openness, easing back the oxidation interaction, and holding the organic product back from becoming earthy colored excessively fast. Your avocado half is even secure enough tied into the Avo Saver that you can convey it in your lunch sack or cookout crate without stress.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: Place a split red onion in an impenetrable compartment with your cut avocado and refrigerate. The sulfur from the onion will help forestall oxidation and protect the green of your avocado. Another alternative is to put the avocado in a holder close full with water, with the substance side down. Cover the holder and spot it in the cooler.

9. Fruit and Vegetable Keepers

Fruit and Vegetable Keepers

Some produce picks, including lettuce, greens, and berries, consistently will in general ruin before others. Recover all that difficult to-protect produce with shrewd capacity arrangements that can stretch out time span of usability by as long as about fourteen days.

These helpful Fruit and Vegetable Keepers from Progressive International component a flexible vent that takes into consideration air guideline to hold ideal produce newness. Keep air vents open for produce like asparagus, carrots, berries, and mushrooms, and close them up for lettuce, peas, greens, grapes, and peppers.

A water repository in the base of the holders keeps produce wet, and the entire thing serves as a colander for simple washing and putting away.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: Storing each produce pick as per its requirements is the most ideal approach to guarantee greatest newness. Look at Vegetarian Times’ produce storage guide for discover how to appropriately store every one of your foods grown from the ground for better flavor and a more extended time span of usability.

10. Vacuum Sealer

Vacuum Sealer

Vacuum sealers are unfathomably helpful for keeping food new. With the hint of a catch, these clever machines seal food inside an impermeable vacuum pack or canister for putting away in the cooler, cooler, or wash room.

In this way, you can utilize a vacuum sealer to store extras from the previous evening’s supper in the refrigerator, seal arranged sauces for wash room stockpiling, or keep in-season produce in the cooler for quite a long time to come.

Remember that vacuum sealers can be somewhat pricier than different contraptions on our rundown (most reach from $100 to $300). Be that as it may, many home prepares say the food-saving advantages are certainly worth the speculation.

Look at these vacuum sealer models from Food Saver and Nesco to check whether one suits your necessities and spending plan.

Do-It-Yourself Alternative: It’s hard to imitate the food-saving impacts of a vacuum sealer. In any case, in case you’re hoping to accomplish comparative outcomes without purchasing new (or going through additional money), look at this innovative DIY strategy from Kitchn, which assists you with fixing up your food with a straw and a plastic cooler sack.